Are you conducting research on the top mountains in Nigeria? If you are, then you’ve found the right post. This article discusses the top mountains in Nigeria, their heights, and the states where they are located.
Sit tight and enjoy.
Mountains in Nigeria – An Introduction
Mountains are amongst the most magnificent landmarks on earth.
The very size of these natural monuments makes them a wonderful sight to behold and almost everyone looks up to climbing or hiking on one.
Nigeria may not be home to legendary mountains like Everest or Kilimanjaro, but the mountains in Nigeria are just as awe-inspiring.
Many of these mountains serve as tourist sites to Nigerians and foreigners alike, however, tourism is not the only activity that is carried out on mountains in Nigeria.
Continue reading and you’ll find out other activities that Nigerians engage in on mountains.
List of Mountains in Nigeria
Africa is home to some of the most significant mountains in the world, and Nigeria plays a part in that feat.
Compared to countries like Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria is not known for its mountains.
However, the country is home to some amazing mountains, some of which include:
- Chappal Waddi
- Sherre Mountains
- Mount Patti
- Tsaunin Kwaiki
- Mount Dimlang
- Atlantika Mountains
- Sankwala Mountains
- Kumari Mountain
Chappal Waddi – Taraba State
Chappal Waddi is located in Taraba State, near the border with Cameroun, and is the highest mountain in Nigeria.
To be more location-specific, this magnificent work of nature sits in the Gashaka Gumti Forest and Gashaka-Gumti Forest Reserve on the Mambilla Plateau.
Chappal Waldi is widely regarded as the next highest peak in sub-Saharan West Africa after Mount Cameroun and Emi Koussi.
The mountain stands about 7,936 ft. (2,419 m) tall.
It is infamously known as Gangirwal a.k.a. The Mountain of Death.
The height of this majestic mountain isn’t the only thing there is to it.
It is also home to diverse flora and fauna that make the experience of hiking on it one not to forget.
Sherre Mountains – Plateau State
Plateau State is known as the home of peace and tourism.
It is also known for many things such as mining production, agriculture, and a combination of various ethnicities.
However, few persons talk about how the region is home to Sherre Mountains – one of the most conspicuous landmarks in the country.
Probably, the most interesting thing about this mountain is its set of undulating high peaks, the highest of which stands at 7,939 feet (2.419 meters) above sea level.
It is the third highest peak in Nigeria after Mount Dimlang and Mount Chappal Waddi.
Sherre Mountains is a regular tourist spot for hikers, adventure seekers, campers, and mountain climbers alike.
Mount Patti – Kogi State
Mount Patti is a mountain that stands 1503 feet tall (458 m) and stretches for many kilometers.
It is located at Ado Ibrahim-Panti Road, Lokoja, Kogi State.
This mountain is of historical heritage in Nigeria as it is said to be the spot where Nigeria was named by British Journalist and wife of former Governor-General of Nigeria Sir. Frederick Lord Lugard, Ms. Flora Shaw in 1914.
Sources say she was viewing the River Niger and Benue from the top of Mount Patti when she coined the name “Nigeria.”
It is said that one can view the whole of Lokoja City from the top of the mountain.
“Patti” translates in Nupe to mean “Hill”, hence its naming as “Mount Patti” by the early foreign tourists.
Some of the most interesting features of visiting the mountain are a century-old Baobab tree and Lugard’s Rest House.
Tsaunin Kwaiki – Niger State
Standing 719 meters above sea level is the iconic Tsaunin Kwaiki.
This mountain is located at Shiror, Niger State.
Just like other mountains in Nigeria, Tsaunin Kwaiki serves as a major tourist attraction site where foreigners and indigenous individuals can visit to have fun, hike, and enjoy the panoramic sights from its peak.
Mount Dimlang – Adamawa State
Mount Dimlang is the highest peak in the Shibshi Mountains, situated in the southeastern region of Adamawa State.
It was formerly known as the Vogel peak and it stands at a height of 2042 m (6699 ft), with a prominence of about 1402 m (4600 ft).
The mountain is perfect for sightseeing and hiking.
Atlantika Mountains – Adamawa State
The Atlantika Mountains are a chain of volcanic mountains that extend across the borderline of Nigeria and Cameroon.
These mountains extend from the southeastern region of Yola, the capital city of Adamawa State to the southwestern region of the Mandara Mountains in Cameron.
The range of mountains that make up the Atlantika mountains includes some volcanoes, most of which are dormant and have not shown any volcanic activity in recent years.
These mountains are home to a group of indigenous people known as the Koma people which makes the area one of the top tourist attractions in Adamawa State.
The world was oblivious of their living existence on the mountains until their discovery in 1980 by an Indian school teacher.
In Kanuri (the language of the Koma people), Atlantika means “where Allah hasn’t arrived.”
Sankwala Mountains – Cross River State
The Sankwala Mountains describe a mountain range located in the Obanliku Local Government Area of Cross River State.
These mountains are situated in the southeast part of Obudu town, not far north of the Okwangwo section of Cross River National Park.
The apex point of this mountain range stands at 5,905 ft (1800 meters).
Activities carried out on these mountains include mountaineering, camping, sightseeing, hiking, and climbing.
They are perfect for tourism and adventure-seeking.
Kumari Mountain – Borno State
Borno State is more known these days as a region plagued by terrorism, insurgency, and other deadly vices.
Many people do not know that the region is home to Kumari Mountain; one of the tallest mountains in the country.
Kumari Mountain stands at 7,480 ft (2,280 m) above sea level.
Despite the amount of unrest in Borno State, Kumari Mountain stands tall as one of the best landmarks in the region.
Prayer Mountains in Nigeria
Prayer Mountains are a global phenomenon, so they don’t only exist in Nigeria.
Many religious bodies believe the elevation of these mountains brings them closer to God, which may help in getting quick answers.
Others believe that the solemnity and quietness of most mountains help them connect and communicate better with God.
Most of the so-called “prayer mountains” in Nigeria are actually hills and relatively slightly elevated portions of the earth where religious bodies, mostly churches, go to offer prayers and praise to God.
They are located in different locations and geopolitical zones across the country.
Some of them are quite popular.
Here is a list of Prayer Mountains in Nigeria based on their locations:
- Prayer Mountain Hanwa (Zaria)
- Ori Oke Ikoyi (Osun State)
- Ori Oke Baba (Osun State)
- Oke Erinmo (Erinmo-Ijesha)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Mountains in Nigeria
How many mountains are in Nigeria?
According to Peakvisor, there are over 2,000 mountains in Nigeria, with 2,130 already named.
Some of the most popular names of mountains in Nigeria are;
- Mount Patti
- Chappal Waddi
- Sherre Mountains, and
- Tsaunin Kwaiki.
Are there mountains in Nigeria?
In fact, according to Peakvisor, there are over 2,000 mountains in Nigeria.
Some of the highest mountains in Nigeria are the Sherre Mountains, Mount Patti, Chappal Waddi, Kumari Mountain, the Sankwala Mountains, etc.
Where is the biggest mountain in Nigeria?
The highest mountain and peak in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi.
This iconic mountain is located in Taraba State, near the Cameroon border.
It stands at about 7,936 ft (2,419 meters), making it the tallest mountain in Nigeria.
Which State has the highest Mountain?
Taraba State is the home state of Chappal Waddi – the highest mountain in Nigeria.
What is the lowest point in Nigeria?
The Atlantic Ocean is the lowest point in Nigeria.
In contrast to Chappal Waddi, the highest peak in Nigeria, the Atlantic Ocean at sea level (O meters) is the lowest point.
What is the difference between mountains and hills?
There are a couple of differences between mountains and hills. Here they are:
- Mountains have higher altitudes and elevations than hills
- Mountains have a well-defined summit while hills tend to have round tops.
- Also, Mountains are often steep and difficult to scale, while hills are relatively easy to climb
- Mountains are a steep rise in elevation, while hills are bumps in elevation
- Mountains often experience different climate conditions at various levels. Hills do not.
What are the examples of hills in Nigeria?
Nigeria is home to some beautiful and iconic hills.
Just like mountains, hills also play a part in the rich tourism potential of Nigeria, and they attract many indigenous and foreign visitors.
Here are some of the most popular hills in Nigeria:
- Idanre Hills
- Oke Marien Hills
- Rolling Hills of Okigwe
- Miliken Hills
- Somorika Hills
- Three Sisters Hills
- Dalla Hill
- Masaijeh Hills
What is the highest mountain in the world?
Mount Everest stands as the highest mountain above sea level in the world.
This gigantic figure is located in Nepal and Tibet of the Himalayas and it stands at a staggering 8,849 meters.
Other top highest mountains in the world are:
- K2 (8,611 m) – Pakistan, China
- Kangjenchunga (8,586 m) – Nepal, India
- Lhotse (8,516 m) – Nepal, China
- Makalu (8,485 m) – Nepal, China
- Cho Oyu (8,188 m) – Nepal, China
- Nanga Parbat (8,126 m) – Pakistan
- Broad Peak (8,051 m) – Pakistan, China
- Himalchuli (7,893 m) – Nepal
- Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) – Tanzania
Conclusion on Mountains in Nigeria
A trip to Nigeria would be incomplete without hiking or visiting hills and mountains in Nigeria.
Mountains and hills in Nigeria are of spiritual, economic, and aesthetic importance to the folks in the region.
These landmarks also serve as historical references for the current and future generation and people with historical knowledge live on them.
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